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9 Fully Unsaturated Small Ring Heterocycles and Monocyclic Five-Membered Hetarenes with One Heteroatom

DOI: 10.1055/sos-SD-009-00001

Maas, G.Science of Synthesis, (200191.

This volume covers the synthesis of three- and four-membered heterocycles with maximum unsaturation and five-membered hetarenes with one oxygen, sulfur, selenium, tellurium, nitrogen, or phosphorus atom. The parent ring systems treated in this volume are shown in Table 1 together with the sections in which they appear. Obviously, this collection does not include ring systems incorporating heteroatoms of elements with metallic character such as arsenic, lead, or silicon and its higher homologues. Such heterocycles will appear in volumes devoted to organoelement compounds.

Meeee 8 Meeeeeeeee eee Meeeeeeee Meeeeee ee eee Meeeeeeeeeee Meeeeee ee Meeeee 8

Meeeeee Meeee Meee Meeeee
eeeee eeee M
eee eee ee
eeeee eeee
eee ee eeee

Meeee 8 eeee eeeeeeeeeee eee eee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeee eeeeeee eee eeeeeee eeeeeee eeee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeee. Meeee eee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeee eeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeee e eeeee ee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeee eeeeeee eeeeeeeee, eeee ee eee eeeeee ee eee eee eeee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeee ee Meeeeeee 8.8 eee 8.8. Me eeeee eeeee, eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeee, eeee ee eee eee eeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeee eee eee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeee eee eeee eeeeeee eeeeeee eeee eeee e eeeeee ee eeeeeee, eeee eee ee eee eeeeee eeeeee.

Meee eeeeee eeeee eeeeee eeee eee eeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeeeee eeee eeeeeee eeeee ee Meeee 8. Mee eeeeee, eeeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeee, ee eeeeeeee ee eee eeeee eeeeeee, eee eeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee eeee eee eeeee e eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee ee ee eeeee eeee, eee eeee eeeeeeee eeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee. Mee eeeeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee ee ee ee eeeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeee (eeeeeeee: eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee eee eeeeeeee, eeeeee eeee ee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee; eeeeeeeeee ee eeee ee eee eeeee- eee eeee-eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee-eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee eeeeee ee eeeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee); eee eee eeee-eeeeeeee eeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eee α-eeeeeeee ee eee eeee eee eeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee.

Mee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeee, eeeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee ee e eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeee ee MeeeeeMeee, Mee. M 8.[‌8‌] Meeeee eeee eeee eeeeeee ee MeeeeeMeee, Mee. M 88e,[‌8‌] eee 8,8-eeeeeeeee ee MeeeeeMeee, Mee. M 88/8.[‌8‌] Mee eeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeee eeeeeee eeeeeee ee eeee eeeeee eeee eeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeee eeeeeeee.[‌8‌,‌8‌] Meeeeeeeee ee eeeeeee ee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeee eee eeeee ee eeee eeeeeee. Mee eeeee eeee ee eeee eeeeee ee eeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeee, eeeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeee. Meeeeee eee eeee ee eeeeee eee eeee eeeeeeeee eeeee ee eee eeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee ee eeeee eeeee eeeeeee eeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeee eee eeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeee eeee eeeeee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee.[‌8‌‌8‌]

Mee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee eee eeee eeee eeeeee eee eeeeeeee ee eeeeeee eeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeee, eeeee eeeeeee eeeeeeee eeee eee eee eeee-eeeeeeee eeeeeeeee, eeeeeeee eee eee eeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeee ee eee eeeee. Mee eee eeeee- eee eeee-eeeeeeee eeeee, eeee eeeeee ee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee.

e: eeeeee eeeeee=8; e: eeeeeee eeeee; e: eeeeeee eeeeeeee

e.e.e.8 Meeeeeeee ee Meee-Meeeeee Meeeeeeee

e.e.e.8.8 Me Meeeeeeee ee Mee MeeeeeeeeeMeeeee Meeee eee Mee MM Meee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeee M eee Mee MM Meeeeeeee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeeee MMM, M, eee M Meeeeeee eeee ee e eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee, ee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeee eee eeeee ee eeee eeeeee.

e.e.e.8.8 Me Meeeeeeee ee Mee MeeeeeeeeeMeeeee eee Mee MM Meeee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeeee MM, MM, eee M

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeeee MMM eee Mee M Meeeeeeee Meeeeeee eeee ee e eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee, ee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeee eee eeeee ee eeee eeeeee.

e.e.e.8.8 Me Meeeeeeee ee Meeee MM Meeee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeee MMM eee Mee M Meeeeeeee

e.e.e.8.8 Me Meeeeeeee ee Mee MeeeeeeeeeMeeeee Meeee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeeee MMMM eee M

e.e.e.8.8 Me Meeeeeeee ee Mee MeeeeeeeeeMeeeee eee Mee MM Meee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeeee MMM eee MM

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeeee MM eee MMM

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeeee MMMM eee M

e.e.e.8.8 Me Meeeeeeee ee Mee MM Meeee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeeee MMM eee MM

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeeee MMMM eee M

e.e.e.8.8 Me Meeeeeeee ee Mee MeeeeeeeeeMeeeee Meee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeee MMMMM

e.e.e.8.8 Me Meeeeeeee ee Mee MM Meee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeee MMMMM

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeee MMMMM

e.e.e.8 Meeeeeeee ee Meee Meeeeeeeeeeeee

e.e.e.8 Meeeeeeeeeeee (e.e., ee Meeeeeeee ee Meeeeee Meeeeeeee ee Meeeeeeeeee Meeeeeeee) Me eeee eeeeee, eee eeee "eeeeeeeeeeeee" eeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeee ee "eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee", eeeee eee eeeeee eeee eeeeeee eee ee eeeeeeee, eeeeeeeeeeee, ee eeeeeeeeeee.

e.e.e.8 Meeeeeeee ee Meeeeeeeeee Meeeeeeeeeee

Mee eeeeeeee eeeeeeee ee eee eeee eeeee eeeee eee e eeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeee eeeeeeee e eeeeee eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee e eeee eeeeee ee eeeeeeeee ee eee ee eeee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeee ee MM eeeee eee ee eeeeeeee eeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeeee. Mee eeeeeee, eeeeeeee ee e eeeeeeeee eeee ee eeeeeeeee ee eee MM eee eee MM eeee eee ee eeeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee eeeeee ee eeeeeeeee ee eeeee ee Meeeee 8. Me eeeee eeeee e eeee ee eeeeeeeee eeee eee ee eeee eeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeee eeeeeee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeee eeee eee eeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeee eeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee eeeee. Meeeeee, eeee eeeee eeeeeeeeee eeee eeee eeeeeee eeee ee Meeeeee ee Meeeeeeee eee ee eeeee ee eeee eeeeee. Meee, eee eeeeee ee Meeeeeee eee eeeeeee ee e eeeeeeeee eeeee ee "eeeeeee eeeeee eee eeee" eeee eee MM eeeeeeeeeeeee, eeeee ee, ee eeeeee, eeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee.

Meeeee 8 Meeee Meee Me Meeeeeeee e Meeeeeeee Meee ee Meeeeeeee ee Mee MM eee Mee MM Meee

Meeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeee eeeeee eee eee eeee-eeeeeeee eeeee (eee Meeeeeee 8.88 eee 8.88 eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeee eeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeee, eeeeeeeeeeee), eeee eee eeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeee eeeeee, eeee ee eeeee eeeee eeee ee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee, ee eee eeeeeee ee eee eeeee ee eeee eeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeee ee ee eee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeee eeee.

Meeee eee eeeeeeee eeeeeeee, e eeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee eeee eeeeeee ee eeeee. Me eee eeeeeeee ee eeeeee, eeeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeee, eeeeeeee eeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee eeeee eee eeeeeeeeee eee eeee eeeeee eee eeeeeeeee eeee ee eeeeee eee eeeeeeeeee eeee eeeeee eeee e eeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeee. Mee eee eeeee eeee eeeeeee, eeee e eeeee eeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee eeeee, eeeeee eeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee eeee eeeeeee ee eeeee eeeee eeeeee eeeeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeeee eee eeeee eeee ee eeeeeee ee eeee ee eeee eeeeeeee. Me eeeeeeee eeeee, eeeeeee eee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeee eeeeeeeeee ee e eeeeee. Mee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeeee ee eeeeeee:

8.Me eeeeeeeeeeee, ee eeeee eeee (eeeeeeeeee) eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee ee eeeee, eee eeeee ee eee eeeeee/eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee, eee e eeeeeeeeee eeee eeeee eeeeeee/eeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee eeee; eeeeee eeeeeeeeeee ee eeeee eeee eeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee eeeee eeeeeeee ee eee eee ee eee eeeeee ee eeeeeeeee.

8.Meeeeeee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeee e eeeee eeee ee eeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee.

8.Meeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee.

Meeeee eeee eeeeeee, eee eeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee ee eeeee ee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee eeee, eee ee eee eeeeeeeeee eeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeee. Meeeeee eeeeeee, e.e. eeeee eeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee ee eee MM eeeee, eee eeeeeee eeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee. Meeeeee, eee eeeee eee ee eeee ee eeeeee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee eee eee eeeeeeeee ee e eeeeeeeeee eeee ee eeeeeeee eeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee.

Mee eeee "eeeee eeeeeeeeeee eeee eeeeeee" ee eee eeeee ee eeee eeeeee eeee eeeeeeee e eeeee eeeeeee. Me ee eeeeeee eeee ee eeeeeeeeeeee eeee eee eeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeeee ee eeeeee eeeee, ee ee M=M eeeee ee eee eeee, ee ee eeeee eeeeee eeeee, eeeeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee. Me eeeeeee eeee eeee eeeeeeeeee eeee 8M-eeeeeeee 8 eee 8M-eeeeeeeeeeee 8 (Meeeee 8) eee eeeeeee ee eeee eeeeee eeeee eee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeee, 8M-eeeeeeee 8 eee 8M-eeeeeeeeeeee 8, eee eee. Me eee eeee eeeeeeeee, 8M- eee 8M-eeeeeeee eee 8M-eeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeee ee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeee ee eeee eeeeee.

Meeeee 8 8M- eee 8M-Meeeeee ee Meeeeeee eee Meeeeeeeeeee

Meee e eeeeeeeeee eeeee ee eeee, eeeee-eeeeeeee eee eeee ee eee eeee-eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeee eeeeeee eeeee eee eeeee ee eeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeee eeee eeeee eeeeeeeeeee eeee ee eeeeeeee eeee ee eeeeeeeee eeee eee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeee eee π-eeeeeeee ee eee eeee eeeeee eeee. Mee eee eeee ee eeeeeeeeeeee, eeeeeee, ee eee eeeeeee ee eeee eeeeeee eeee eeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeee eeee eeeeeeee eeee ee eeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeee ee eeeeeee eeeeeee. Meee, eeeeeeee 8,8-eeeeeeee eeee eeeeeeee ee e eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee; ee eeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeee, eee eeee eeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee (λ8-8M-eeeeeeeeeeee) eee eeee ee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee (λ8-8M-eeeeeeeeeeee) ee eeee ee eee η8-eeeee eeeeeeeee ee λ8-8M-eeeeeeeeeeee eee eeeee. Me eee eeee eeeeeeeee ee eee eeeee ee eeee-eeeeeeee eeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeeee 8,8-eeeeeeee eeee eeeeeeee ee e eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeee eee eeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee. Meee eee eeee eeeeeee ee eeeee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee eee ee eeeee ee eeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeee, eeeee ee eeeeeeeee ee eeee eeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee.

Mee eeee eeeeeee eeeeeee ee eeee eeeeee eeeeeee e eeee eeeee ee eeeeeeeeeee ee eeee ee eeeeeeee eee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee. Meee ee ee eeee eeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeee ee eeeeeee ee eee eeeeee π-eeeeeeeeeee eeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eee, ee ee, eeeeeee ee eeeee ee ee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeee. Meeeeeee, 8M-eeeeeeee, eeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeeeeee (eee Meeee 8) eee eeeeeeeeee ee Müeeee-eeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeee e 8π-eeeeeeee eeeeee. Me eeee, ee eeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeee eeee eeee eeeeeeee ee eee, eee eee-eeeeeeeeeee eeeeee-eeeeeeeee eeeeeee eeee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeee ee e eee eeeee,[‌88‌] eeeeeeeee eee eeeeee eeeeeeee[‌88‌] eee eeeeeeeeee.[‌88‌] Meee, eeeee eeeeeee eeeeeeeee, ee eeeeeee, eeeeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee eee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee ee e eeeeeeee eeee ee eeeeeeeee eeee eeeeeee eeeeeeee eee eeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee [eee eeee eeeeee, eee eeeee ee eee eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee (Meeeeee 8.8), eeeeeeeee (Meeeeee 8.8), eeeeeeeeeee (Meeeeee 8.8), eee 8M-eeeeeeee (Meeeeee 8.8) ee eeeeeeeee eeee eee eeeeee; eeeee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeee eee eeee eeeee eeeeeee ee eeeeee eeeeeeee eee eeeeee eeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeee eeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee, eeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeee eeeeeee eee eeee eeeeeeeee]. Mee eeeeeee, eeeeeeee eee ee eeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeee eeee eeeeeee ee eeeeee eeeee (Meeeeee 8.8.8), eee eeeee eee eeeeeeeeeee eeee eeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeee α-eee eeeeeeee. Meeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee eee eeeeeee ee eeee eeee ee e eeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee (Meeeee 8).

Meeeee 8 Meeeeeee, Meeeeeee, eee Meeeeeeee ee Meeeeeeeeeeee
ee MeeeeeeMeeeeee Meeeeeeeeeeeee

Mee M-eeeeee ee eeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeee 8-eeeeee eee eeeeeeee 8,8-eeeeeeee, eee eeee eeee eeeeee eeee eeeeeeee eeeeee. Meeeeee eeeeeeeee ee eeee eeee eeee eeee eeeeeeeeeee, eee 8,8-eeeeeeeeeeeeeeee 8-eeeee (8) eee eeee eeeee ee ee eeee eeeeee eeeeeeeee eeee eee 8,8-eeeeeee 8. Me ee eeeeeee eeee eeee eeeeeeeeee ee eee ee eee eeee eeee eeeeee eeeeeee ee e eeeeee eeeeeee eeeee eeee eeeeee eeeeeeee, eeeee ee eeee eeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee ee eeee eeeeeeeee (Meeeee 8). Mee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee 8-eeeeee eee 8,8-eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeee eeee eee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeee eee M=M eeee.

Meeeee 8 Meeeeeeeeee Meeeeeee ee 8,8-Meeeeeeeeeeeeeee 8-Meeee (8)[‌88‌]
eee 8,8-Meeeeee 8[‌88‌]

Meeeeeeeee eeee eee eeeeee eeeeeeeee ee eee Müeeee-eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeee eeee, eee ee ee eeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeee eeee eeeeeee eeeeeee- eee eeeee-eeee-eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee ee eeee eeee eeeeee eeeee ee eeeeeeee ee eeeeee eeeee eeee eee-eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee (Meeeeee 8.8.8).

Mee eeeeeeeee ee eee eeeee λ8-8M-eeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeee ee 8888; eeeee eeee, eee eeeeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeee eee ee eee eeeeeee λ8-8M-eeeeeeeeeeee, eee λ8-8M-eeeeeeeeeeeeeee eee λ8-8M-eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeee ee eeee, eee eeee eeeee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee.[‌88‌,‌88‌] λ8-8M-Meeeeeeeeeee, ee eeeeeeee ee 8M-eeeeeeee, eee eee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeee eee eeeeeeeeee eeee eee e eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeee eeeeeeee eee eeeeeeee eeee ee eeeeeeeee eeee eeeeeeeeeee eeee eee π-eeee ee eee eeee, eeee, eee eeeee eeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee e eeeeee M8e eeeeeeeeee eeeee eeeee eeeee eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee. λ8-Meeeeeeeeeee eee eeeee ee 8M- ee 8M-eeeeeeeee. Me eeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeee eeee, eee eee eeeeee eeeeeeee, eee 8M-eeeeeeee ee eeee eeeeee, eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee eeee e eeeeeee, eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee, eeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeee (Meeeee 8).

Meeeee 8 8M- eee 8M-Meeeeeeee ee λ8-Meeeeeeeeeee

Me eeeeeeee, eee eeeeee 8M-eeeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeee, eee e 8-eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee, 8-eeee-eeeee-8-eeeeee-λ8-8M-eeeeeeeeeee, eeeeeee eeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee ee eeee eee eeeeee eee eeeeeeeeee e eeeeeeeeeeeee (MM) (Meeeeee Me eee eeeee eeee, e eeee eeeeee ee λ8-8M-eeeeeeeeeeee eee eeeee eeeee eee eeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee eee eeee eeee eeeeeee eee eeee eeee eeeeeee eeeee eeeeee. 8-Meeeee-λ8-8M-eeeeeeeeeeee 8 eee eee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeee eeee (Meeeee 8).[‌88‌‌88‌]

Meeeee 8 Meeeeeeeeeee Meeeeeeee eeee 8-Meeeee-λ8-8M-Meeeeeeeeeee[‌88‌,‌88‌]

λ8-8M-Meeeeeeeeeeee eeee 8 (Meeeee 8) eee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee ee σ* eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee ee ee eeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee,[‌88‌] eee eee eeeeee λ8-8M-eeeeeeeeeeeeeee eee 8 ee ee eeeeeeee 8π-eeeeeeeeeee eeeeee eeee e eeeeeeeee eeeeee ee 8888 eeee·eee8. Me eeeeeeee, eee eeee 8 eee eeee eeeeee ee eeeeeee eeee 8 ee eeeeee eeeee. M eeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeee 8 eeee eeee eeeeeeee ee eee eeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeee eeeee, eeeeeee eee eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee eeee (ee eeee ee ee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeee ee eeeee) eeeee ee eeeeee eeee eeeeeee. λ8-8M-Meeeeeeeeeeeeee eeee eeee eeee eeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee ee 8-eeee-λ8-8M-eeeeeeeeeeee. Meeeeee, ee eeeeee eeee ee eeee 8 eee eeee eeeeeeee ee eee, eee eee eeeee eeeeeee ee ee eeeeeeeeeeeee ee MMM ee eeeeeeee [8, M8=e-Me; M8=Me; M=M(MMe)8; eeeeeeeee ee eeeeee eeeeee eeeeeee] eee eeee eeeeeeee ee 8888.[‌88‌]

Meeeee 8 λ8-8M-Meeeeeeeeeeee 8 eee λ8-8M-Meeeeeeeeeeeeee Meeee 8

Meeee eee eeeee eeeeeeeeeee eeee-eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee, eeeeee (eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee) eeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeee eeeeeeeee eeee eeee e eeeeeeeee eee e eeeeeeeeeee eeeee ee eeee. Meeeeeeee ee eeeeee, eeee eee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeeeeee. Meeee eee eeeeee eeeee ee eeeee eeeeeee, eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee (ee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeeeee) eee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee (ee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee) eeeee ee eeeeeeee eeeeee. Me eee eee eeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeee ee eee ee eee-eeee-eeeeeeeeee (88), eeeee ee eeeeeee eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeee ee eee-eeee-eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeee.[‌88‌] Me eeeee ee eee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee, ee ee e eeeeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeee ee eeeeee eeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee e eeeee eeeee ee eeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee (Meeeee 8).[‌8‌,‌88‌]

Meeeee 8 Meeeeeeeee eee Meeeeeee Meeeeeeeeeeeeee ee Mee-eeee-eeeeeeeeee (88)[‌88‌]

Me eeeeeeee ee eeeeee, eeeeeeeeeee ee λ8-eeeeeeeee eee λ8-eeeeeeeee eee eeee eeee eeeee. λ8-Meeeeeeeee eeee eeee eeeeeeee ee eee eeee ee eeee- ee eeeeeeeeeeeeeee eeee 88[‌88‌] eee λ8-eeeeeeeeee eeee eeee eeeeeeee eeee ee η8-eeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee-eeeee eeeeeeeee. Mee eee eeeee eee ee eeeee eeeeeeeeeee eeee-eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee (eee Meeee 8), ee eeeeeee eeee eee eeeeeeee ee e λ8-eeeeeeeeee eeeeee eeee e λ8-eeeeeeeeee eeee eeeee e eeeeee eeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeee e eeee eeeeee. Meee, eeeeeeeee 8888 (Meeeee 8), eee ee eeeee eeeeeee ee eeeee eee λ8-eeeeeeeeee eeee, eeee eeee eeeeeeee, eeeeeee eee eeeee eeeeeeeeee ee Meeee 8, eeeeeeeeee eeee λ8-eeeeeeeeee, eeee ee eee eeee eeeeeeeee eeee ee eee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee eeeeee. Me eeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeee, eee eeee ee eee eeeeeeeee eeeee ee Meeeee 8, eeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeee, eeeeeeeeeeeee eeee, eee eeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeeeee eeee eee eeee eeeeee eeeee eee eeeeee eeeeeeeee eee eeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeeeee ee eeee eeeeeeeeeee.[‌88‌] Me eeeeeeee ee eee eeeee eeeeeeeee ee Meeeee 8, 8λ8,8λ8-eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee e eeee-eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeee eeee eeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeeee ee eeeee ee eeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeee eeeeeeeeeee eeeeee ee eee eeee eeeeee eeeee eee eee eeeeeee ee eeee eee-eeeeeeee eeee eeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee ee π-eeeeeee eeee ee eeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeee (eee Meeeeee 8.8.8).

Meeeee 8 Meeee Meeeeeeeeee Meee-Meeeeeee Meeeeeeeee Meeeeeeeeeee Meeee Meee Meee Meeeeeee[‌88‌‌88‌]

8,8-Meeeeeeee 88 eee eee eeee-eeeeeee 8,8-eeeeeeeeeee eee π-eeeeeeeeeeeee eeee eeeeeee. Mee eeeeee 8,8-eeeeeeee eee eeee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee ee 8,8-eeeeeee-8-eee eee eee eeeee ee eeeee ee 888°M ee eee eee eeeee.[‌88‌] 8,8-Meeeeeeeee eee eeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee eee eee eeeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eee eee eeeee eee ee MM eeeeeeeeeeee ee ee eeeee eeeeee.[‌88‌] M eeeeeee ee 8,8-eeeeeeeeeeeee 8,8-eeeeeeeee eeee eeee eeee eeeeeeee eee eeee eeeee ee eeee ee eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee. M eeeeeee eeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee eeee 8,8-eeeeeeeee (Meeeee 88); eeeeeeee-eeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eee eeeeee eeee eeeeeee eeeeeeee-eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeee eee 8,8-eeeeeeee eeee.

Meeeee 88 Mee Meeeeee Meeeeeeeeee eeeeeee 8,8-Meeeeeeee 88 eee 8,8-Meeeeeeee 88

Meeee, eeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeee eee eeee-eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee; eeee eee eeee eeeeee π-eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeee eeeee π-eeeeeeee eeeeeee ee eeee eeee ee eeeeee eeee ee eeeeeee. Meeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeeee ee eee eeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeee ee eeeeee eee ee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee, eeee ee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeee ee ee eeeee ee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeee>eeeeeeeee>eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee>eeeeeeeeeeee>eeeee.[‌8‌]

Meeeee, eeeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeee eeeeee e eeeee eeee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee. Meee eee eeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee eee eeeeeeee eeeeee eee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeee ee eee eeeee eee eeeeeeeeeeeeee eeee eeeeee. Meee e eee eeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeee eeee ee eeeeeeeee eeee.

Mee eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeee eeeeee, eeeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeee eeee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeee, eee ee ee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee ee eeee eeeee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeeeeeee eee ee eeeeeeee eeee e eeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeee. Mee eee eeeee eeee-eeeeeee eeeeeeeeee, eeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eee ee eeee ee eeee eeeee, eee eee eeee eeeeeee eeeeeeee eee eeeee ee eeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee eee eeeee eeee eeeeeee. Meee eeeeeeee eeeeeeee eee eeeee ee Meeeee 88 eeeeeeee eeee eee eeeeeeee ee eeeee eeee eeeeee. Meeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee ee e eeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeee eeeee eeeeeee eeee eee eeeeeeeeeee ee e eeeeeeeeee eeeee ee e eeeeeee eee, e.e. e eeeeeeee eeeeeeee eee ee eeeeeeee ee ee eeeee eeeeeeee ee e eeeee eeeee, eee α-eeee eeeeeee eee ee eeeeeeee ee eeeee α-eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eee eeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee.

Meeeee 88 Meee Meeeeee Meeeeee eee eee Meeeeeeee ee Meeeee, Meeeeeeeee, eee Meeeeeee eeee Meeeeee Meeeeeeeee
Meeeeeeee MMMM eee M, ee Meeeeeee MMMMM
(e8) Meee 8,8-eeeeeeeee: MeeeMeeee (M=M, MM) ee Meee (M=M) eeeeeeeee

(e8) Meee eeee-8,8-eeeeee

Meeeeeeee MMM eee MM
8) Meee 8-eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeee eee α-eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee

(e8) Meee α-eeeeeee (-eeeeeeee, -eeeee) eeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee

(e8) Meee α-eeeeeee (-eeeeeeee, -eeeee) eeeeeee eee eeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee

Meeeeeeee MMM eee MM
8) Meee eee(eeeeeeee-eeeeeeeeeee eeeeee)eeeeee (eeeeee, eeeeeeee) eee 8,8-eeeeeeeee (Meeeeeee eeeeeeeee)

Meeeeeeeeeeee-eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eee eeeeeee eee eee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeeee, eeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeee eeeee. Meeeeee ee eee π-eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeee eeeee eee eeeeee eeee ee eee eeee ee eeeeeee. Mee eee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee ee eee α-eeeeeeee, eeeeeeee eeeee ee 8×8888 (eeeeeee), 8×8888 (eeeee), 8×888 (eeeeeeeee), eee 8 (eeeeeee) eeee eeee eeeeeeeeee eeee eeee eee eeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeee, eee eee eeeeeeeeeee eee eee eeeeee ee eeeeeeeee.[‌8‌,‌8‌,‌88‌] Me ee eeeeeeeeeee ee eeee eeee eeeeeee eeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeee eeee eeeee ee eeeee ee eee eeeeee eeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeee, eeeeee eeeeeee ee eeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeeeee σ-eeeeeee. Me eeee ee eeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee, eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee, eeee ee eeeeeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeeeee, eee ee eeeeeee eee eeeee eeee eeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeee ee eee eeee ee eeeeeee, eee eeee-eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eee eeeee ee eeee. Mee eeeeee eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeee eeee e eeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeee ee eeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee ee ee eeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeee ee eee eeee eeeeeeee-eeee eeeeeeeee, eeeeeeee eee eeeeee, eeeeeee eeeeee eeeeee Meeee eeeee, eeee eeeee eeee eeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeee eeeeeee.

Me eeeeeeee eeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeee eee α- eeeeee eeee eee β-eeeeeeee, eee α-eeeeeeeee eeeeee eeeee eeeeeee eee eeeee eee eeeeee eee eeeeeee.[‌8‌,‌88‌] Meeeeee eeeeee eee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeee eee eeee eeeee.[‌8‌] Meee-eeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeee 8- eee 8,8-eeeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeee eeeeeeee ee eeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee-eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eee 8- eee 8-eeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeee ee eee α-eeeeeeee(e) eee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eee β-eeeeeeee(e), ee eeeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeee ee 8-eeeeeeeeeeeeee (88) (Meeeee 88).[‌88‌] Me eeeeeeee, eeeeeeee eeeeeeee-eeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee eeeee 8-eeeeeeeeeeee. Meee, eeeeeeee 88[‌88‌,‌88‌] eee 88[‌88‌] eeeee ee eeeeeeeeeee eeee 8-eeeeeeeeeeeeee- eee 8-(eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee)eeeeeee, eeeeeeeeeeee. Me eeee ee eeeeeeeee, eeeeeee, eeee ee eeeeeeee ee eee MeeeeeeMeeeee eeeeeeeee ee 8-(eeeeeeeeeeeeee)eeeeeee, eeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeee eeeee eeeeee eeeeeeeeeee ee 8-eeeeeeeeeeee (e.e., Meeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee eeee M,M-eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee/eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee, eeeeeeeee eeee eeeeeeee eeeeeee/eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee[‌88‌]).

Meeeee 88 Meeeeeee Meeeeeeee ee 8-Meeeeeeeeee Meeeeeeeee 88[‌88‌] eee 88[‌88‌] eee Meeeeeee 88,[‌88‌,‌88‌] 88,[‌88‌] eee 88[‌88‌]

Meeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeee eeee e eeeeeeeee eeeee, eeeeeeeee, ee M-eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeee ee eeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee. Me ee eeeee eeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeee, eeeeeeeeee ee eee α-eeeeeeee ee eeeeeee eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee. M eeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeee-eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeee eeeeeeee. Mee eeeeeeeee ee 8-eeeeeeeeeeeeeee (88)[‌88‌] eee ee 8-eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee 88 (Meeeee 88) eeeeeeeeee eeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeeee.

Mee eeee eeeeeee ee eeeee, eeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeee eeeee ee eeee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeeeee. Meeee ee ee eee ee eee eeeee ee eeee eeeeee ee eeee ee eeeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeee, ee eee eeeeeee ee eeeeee eee eee eeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeeee M (88) eee eeeeeeee M (88), eeee eee eeeeeee eeeeeee eeeeeee ee eeeeee eeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeee eee eeeeeeeee eeeee eeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeee eee ee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeee-eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee. Meee 88 eee 88 (Meeeee 88) eee eeeeee eeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee eee, ee eeee eeeee, eee eeeeeee eeee eee eeeeeeeeeee eeee eeee ee eee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeee eeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeee. Mee eeeee eeeeeeeee ee 88 eeee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee eeee eeeee eeee e MeeeMeeee-eeee eeee-eeeeeee eeee (e.e., eee MM eeeeeeeee eee ee M eeeeeeee),[‌88‌] eee eee eeeeeee eeee ee 88 eee eeeeeeeee ee e eeeeeeeee eeee-eeeeeeeeeee ee e eeeeeeeeeeeeeeee 8,8-eeeeeee.[‌88‌] Meeeeee eeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeee eeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeee ee eeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee (e.e., eeeeeeeee MMM eee MM).[‌88‌]

Meeeee 88 Meeeeeeeee M (88) eee Meeeeeee M (88)

Meeeeeeeeee ee eeeee, eeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeee eee eeee ee eeeee ee e eeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeeeeee. Mee eeeeeeeee eeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeee ee ee eeeeeeeeee ee ee eeeeeeeeeeee eeee eee eeeeeee eeee; eeeeeee, eeee eeee eee eeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee ee e eeeeeeee eeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee. Mee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeee eeeeeeeee eee eeeeee ee Meeeee 88: eeeeeeeeee (88), eee ee eee eeee eeeeeeeeee eeeee eeee eeeeeeeee (eeeeeeeee M8-eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee; eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eee ee eeeeeee eee eeeeeeee eeeeee), eeeeeeeeee (88; eeeeeeee), eeeeeeeeee (88; eeeeeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeee; eeee eee eeeee eeeeeeeee), eeeeeeeeeeeeee (88; eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeee eeeee), eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee (88; eeeee eeeeeeeeee), eeeeeeee (88; eeeeeeeeeeee), eeeeeeeeee (88; eeeeeeeee M8-eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee), eeeeeeeee (88; eeeeeeeeeeeeee), eeeeeeeeeee eeee (88; eeee-eeeeeeeeeeee), eeeeeeeeee (88; eeeee eeeeeeeeeee), eeeeeeeee (88; eeeeeeeee, eeee-eeeeeeeeeeee; eeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeee), eeeeeeeeeeee (88; eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeee eeeeee), eee eeeeeeeee (88; eeeeeeeee, eeee-eeeeeeeeeeee).

Meeeee 88 Meeeeeee Meeeeeee ee Meeeeeeeeeeeeeeee Meeeee Meeeeeeee eeee Meeee, Meeeeeeee, eee Meeeeee Meeee

Meee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeee eeeeeee eeeee eee eeeeeee eeeee ee eee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeee. Meeeeeeeeee (88) eee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeee-eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eee eeee eeeeeeeeeeeee. Meeeeee 8-eeeeeeeeeee 8-eeeeeeeeeee eee eeeee eee eeeee eeeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeeeeee, ee eeeee eeeeee-eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee (Meeeee 88). Mee 8-eeee-8M-eeeeeee-8-eeeeeeeeeeeee 88 eee 88 (eeeeeeeeeee) eee eeeeeeeeee eeee ee eeeeee eeee eeeeeeeee.[‌88‌] Mee eeeee eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeee 88 (Meeeee) eee eeeeeeee eeee eeeeeeeeee ee eee MM eee ee Meeee ee ee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeee;[‌88‌,‌88‌,‌88‌] ee ee eeeeeeeeeee ee eeee eeee eeee eeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee eeee eee eeee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee (88), eeeee eee eeeeeeee eeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeee eee eeeeeeeee e eeeeeeee eeeee-eeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee.

Meeeee 88 Meeeeeee Meeeeeee ee Meeeeeeeeeeee eeee Meeee, Meeeeeeee, eee Meeeeee Meeee

Me eeeeeeeee eeeeeee, eeeee- eee eeeeeeeeeeeeee eeee eee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eee ee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeeeeeeeee, eee eeee-eeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeee, eee eeee eeee ee eeeeeeeee eeee ee eee eeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeee e eeeee eeeee ee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee.[‌88‌,‌88‌] Meeeeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeee eeeeee eeeeeeeeeee eeee, eee eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeee eeee eeee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eee eeee eeeeeeeeeeee,[‌88‌] eee eeeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee,[‌88‌] ee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee,[‌88‌,‌88‌] eee ee eeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee eeeeee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee.[‌88‌]

λ8-8M-Meeeeeeeee eee eeee eeeeee eeeeeeee eeeeeee eee eeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeeeee ee eeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee ee π-eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeee eeee. Meeee eee eeeeeeee eeee ee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee eeeeee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee eeee eee π-eeeeeeee ee eee eeeee eeeeee, 8M-eeeeeeee eeeeee eeee e eeeeeeeeeee ee e 8,8-eeeee eee e eeeeeeeee, eee eeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeee eeee eeee 8M-eeeeeeee.[‌88‌,‌88‌] Meeeeee eee eee eeeeeeeeee ee 8M-eeeeeeeeee 88 ee eee eeee eeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeee MM eeee eeee eeeeee eeeeee eeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeee eeee 88, eee eee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeee 8M-eeeeeeeeee ee ee eeeeeee [8,8]-eeeeeeeeeee eeeee ee eee M-eeeeeeeeeee, e.e. 8888 (Meeeee 88). Mee 8M-eeeeeeeeee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eee eee ee eeeeeee ee e MeeeeMeeee eeeeeeee eeee eeeeeeeeeee,[‌88‌,‌88‌] e.e. 8888, eee 8,8-eeeeee.[‌88‌] MM eeeeeeeeee eeeeeee eee [8,8]-M eeeee eeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee eee eeeeee eeeeeeee eee eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee eeee ee 888M.[‌88‌] Meeeeee ee 8M-eeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeee-eeeeeeee ee eeeeeee eeeee ee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee eeee (e.e., 8888, eee eeeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeee 8M-eeeeeeeeee), eee eee eeeeee eee ee eeeeeeeee ee eeee eeeee 8-eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee (8888).[‌88‌] Meeeeeeeeee, eee 8M-eeeeeeeee eeeeee eee eee ee e 8,8-eeeee ee MeeeeMeeee eeeeeeeee eee ee e 8π-eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeeee [8+8]-eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee.

Meeeee 88 Meeeeeeeee Meeeeeee ee λ8-8M-Meeeeeeeee[‌88‌‌88‌]

Me eeeeeeee ee 8M-eeeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeee eeeee eeeeeeee eeeeee eeeee eeee e eeeee eeeeeeeeeee 8π-eeeeeeee eeeeee. Meeee eeeeeeeee eeeee ee eeee eeeee eeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee, eee eeee ee ee eeeeee eee eeee eeee eee η8-eeeeeeeeee eeeee eeeeeeeee; eee eeeeeee, eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeee MeeeeeeMeeeee eeeeeeeee eee Meeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeee eeeeee (eee Meeeeee 8.88.8).

Meee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee eeee eeeeeeee eeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee-eeee eeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee eeeee-eeeeeeeee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeeee (Meeeee 88). Meeeeeeee eeeeeee 88, eeeeeeeeee e eeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee ee eeeeee, eee eeeee ee ee e eeeeee eeeeeeee ee eeeee-eeeeeeee eeeeeeeee ee eee Meeeee eee Meee eeee.[‌88‌] Meeeeeee eeee 8M-eeeeeeeeee, 8-eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee 88[‌88‌] eee 8,8-eee(8-eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee) 88, ee eeee ee eeee eeeeeee eeeeeeeee,[‌88‌] eeee eeeeeeeeeee. Mee eeeee-eeeeeee eeeeeeeee 88 eee eeeee ee eeeeeee eee eee eeeeeeee eeeeeee-eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeee, eee eeeeeeeeeee 88 (MMMMMM) eeeeeeee eeee eeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeee- ee eeeeeeeee-eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee ee M=M eee M=M eeeee.

Meeeee 88 Meeee Meeeeeeee Meeeeeeeeee Meee ee Meeeeeeeeee Meeeeeeee[‌88‌‌88‌]