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12 Five-Membered Hetarenes with Two Nitrogen or Phosphorus Atoms

DOI: 10.1055/sos-SD-012-00001

Neier, R.Science of Synthesis, (2002121.

This volume covers the synthesis of five-membered heterocyclic compounds with either two nitrogen or two phosphorus ring atoms, as well as five-membered heterocycles containing one nitrogen and one phosphorus ring atom, or one nitrogen and one arsenic ring atom. The five-membered heterocycles of this category fused to a six-membered aromatic carbocyclic or heterocyclic ring are also treated. For the fused systems, the heteroatoms can be located exclusively in the five-membered ring or one of the heteroatoms can be part of the five-membered ring as well as part of the six-membered ring. The parent ring structures of the heterocycles covered in this volume are shown in Scheme 1, together with the numbering schemes and nomenclature used (based on CAS).

Meeeee 8 Meeeeeeeee, Meeeeeeee Meeeeee, eee Meeeeeeeeeee eee eee Meeeee Meeeeeeeeeee Meeeeee ee Meeeee 88

Mee eeeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeee eeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eee Meeeeee ee Meeeeeeee. Me eee eeeeeee eeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeeee (Meeeeee 88.8), eee eeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeee eee eeeeeeee eeeeeeee eee eeee eeeee eee eeeeeee eeeee ee eeeeeeeee ee e eeeeeee eee ee eee eeee eee eee eeeeeeeeee, eee Meeeeee ee Meeeeeeee, Mee.8 [Meeee Meeeeeeeeee Meeee-Meee Meeeeeeeeeee eee Meeeeeeeee Meee-Meeeeeee Meeeeeeee eeee Mee Meeeeeeeee (Meeeeee 8.88, e888)]. Mee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeee ee eee 8,8-eeeeeeeeeeee eee ee eee 8,8-eeeeeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeeeeeeee 8,8-eeeeeeeeeeeeee eee 8,8-eeeeeeeeeeeeee, eeeeeee e eeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeee eeeee eeeeeeeeee eeeeee eeeeeeeee eee ee eeeee eeeeee eeeeeeeeeee. Meeeeeeeeeeee eeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeee eee, eeeeeeeee, eeeeee eeee η8-eeeeeeeee (Meeeee 8). Meee ee eeeee eeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee, eee eeee eeeeeee ee Meeeeee 88.8

Meeeee 8 Meeeeee Meeeeeeeee ee Meeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee Meeeeeeee Meeeeee ee Meeeee 88

Mee eeeeeee eeeeeee eeee eee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee (Meeeeee 88.8) eeeeeeee e eeeee ee eeeeeee eeeeeee eeeeeeeee, eeeee eee eeeee eeeeeeeeeee eeeee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee. Mee eeee eeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeee eee eeee eeee eeeeeeee, eeeeee eeee eeeeeee eee eee eeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eee eee eeee eeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee. Meeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeee ee eee eee-eeeeeeee eeee eee eeee eeeeeee ee Meeeeee 88.8, ee eeee ee eee eeeeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeee eeee e eeee-eeeeeee eeeeeeee ee eeeee ee eee eeee-eeeeeeee eeee. Mee eeeeeeeee eeeee ee Meeeee 8 eee eeeee,[‌8‌‌8‌] eee eeee eeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee ee Meeeeee 88.8, eee eeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eee eeee eeeeeee ee eee eee-eeeeeeee eeee; eeee eee, eeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeee ee Meeeeee ee Meeeeeeee, Mee.88 [Mee-Meeeeeee Meeeeeeee eeee Mee Meeeee ee Meee eeee Mee Meeeeeeeeee eee Meeee Meeeeeeeeee Meeeee-Meee Meeeeeeeeeee (Meeeeee 88.888.8)].

Meeeee 8 Meeeeeeeee ee Meeeeeeeeeee ee eee Meeeeeeeeeeeeee eee Meeeeeeeeeeeeeee Meee eeeee eee Meeeeeeee Meeeeee ee Meeeee 88

Mee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee ee MeeeeeMeee, Meee.M8e eee M8e. Mee eeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee, ee eeee ee ee eee eeeeeeeeee-eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee, eee eeee eeeeeeee.[‌8‌,‌8‌] Meeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eee eeeee ee eeee eeeeeee ee eeee eeeeee.

Meeee eeeee eeeeeeeee ee eee 88ee eeeeeee, ee eeeeeeeeee eeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eee eeee eeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeeeeeeeee. Meee e eeeeeeeee ee eee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee eee ee eeeeeeeee. Meee ee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeee eeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeee ee eee eeee eeeeeee eeeeeeeee. Meeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeee eeee eeee eeeeeeeeeeee, ee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeee. Meeeeeeee-eeeeeeeee eeeee-eeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eee eeee eeeeeeeee. Mee eeeeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeee e eeeeee eeeee ee eeeeeeeee. Mee eee ee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeee ee eeeeee ee eee eeeeeee. Meeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee ee eee α-eeeeeeee ee eee eeee eee eeeeeeeee. Meeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee, eeee ee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee, eeeee eeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeee ee eeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee. Me Meeeeee ee Meeeeeeee, eeeee eeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeee ee eeeeeee eeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eee, eeeeeeeee, eeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeee eee eeeeeee ee eeee eeeeee. Meeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeee eeeeeeeeee eeeeee eeee eeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeee. Meeee, eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee ee e eeee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeee ee eee eeeeee eeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeee. Mee eee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee (Meeeeee 88.8), eee eeeeeeeeee eee eee eeeeeeeeee-eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee (Meeeeeee 88.8 eee 88.8), e eeee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eee eeee eeeeeeee. Meee ee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeee eeee eeee eeeeeeeeeee eee eee eeeee eeee eeeeee eee eeee 88 eeeee. Mee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeeeee eeee eeee eeee eeee eeeee e eeee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee, eee eee eeee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eee eeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee.

Mee eeee eeeee ee eeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee: Mee eeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eee eeee eeeeeee ee eeeee ee eeeeee eee eeeeee ee eeee e eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee eee ee eeeee eeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee. Mee eeeeeeeeeeee ee Meeeeee ee Meeeeeeee ee eeeee ee e eeeeeeeee eeeee eeeeee eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee.[‌88‌] Mee eeeeee eeeeeeeee eee Meeeeee ee Meeeeeeee ee e eeee eeeeee eeeee eee eeeeeeeeee eee eeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee. Mee eeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeee eeeeeee eeeeeeee eeee eee eeee-eeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeee eee eeeeeeeeee ee eee eeee eee eeeeeee eee eee eee eeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeee ee eee eeeee.

Mee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeee eeee eee eeeeeeeeee, eeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee eeee eeee eeeeeeeee. Me eee, eeeeeeeee, eeee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee eeeee eee eeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeee ee Meeeeee ee Meeeeeeee ee eee eeeee eee eeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeee eeeeeee.

Mee eee eeeeeeeeee (Meeeeee 88.8), eee eeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeee:

e.e.e.8 Meeeeeeee ee Meee-Meeeeee Meeeeeeee

e.e.e.8.8 Me Meeeeeeee ee Meee MeeeeeeeeeMeeeee Meeee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeeee MM, M, eee Mee M Meeeeeeee

e.e.e.8.8 Me Meeeeeeee ee Meeee MeeeeeeeeeMeeeee Meeee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeeee MM, MM, eee M

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeeee MMM, M, eee M

e.e.e.8.8 Me Meeeeeeee ee Mee MeeeeeeeeeMeeeee Meeee eee Mee MM Meee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeeee MM, MM, eee M

e.e.e.8.8 Me Meeeeeeee ee Mee MeeeeeeeeeMeeeee Meeee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeeee MMM eee MM

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeeee MMM eee MM

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeeee MMMM eee M

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeeee MMMM eee M

e.e.e.8.8 Me Meeeeeeee ee Mee MeeeeeeeeeMeeeee eee Mee MM Meee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeeee MMM eee MM

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeeee MMMM eee M

e.e.e.8.8 Me Meeeeeeee ee Mee MeeeeeeeeeMeeeee Meee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeee MMMMM

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeee MMMMM

e.e.e.8.8 Me Meeeeeeee ee Mee MM Meee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeee MMMMM

e.e.e.8 Meeeeeeee ee Meee Meeeeeeeeeeeee

e.e.e.8 Meeeeeeeeeeee (ee Meeeeeeee ee Meeeeee Meeeeeeee ee Meeeeeeeeee Meeeeeeee)

e.e.e.8 Meeeeeeee ee Meeeeeeeeee Meeeeeeeeeee

Mee eeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeee eeeee eeeee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee ee ee eeeeeeeeeee. Meee eeee eeeee eeeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeee eee ee eeee ee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeee ee eee ee eeee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeee ee MM eeeee. Mee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee eeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeee ee Meeeee 8.

Meeeee 8 Meeeeeeee Meee ee Meeeeeeee Meeeeeeeee

Meeeee eeeeeeeeeee eeee eee ee ee eeee eee eee eeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee (Meeeeee 88.8):

e.e.e.8 Meeeeeeee ee Meee-Meeeeee Meeeeeeee

e.e.e.8.8 Me Meeeeeeee ee Mee MeeeeeeeeeMeeeee Meee eee Mee MM Meeee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeeee MMM, M, eee M

e.e.e.8.8 Me Meeeeeeee ee Mee MeeeeeeeeeMeeeee Meeee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeeee MMM eee MM

e.e.e.8.8 Me Meeeeeeee ee Mee MeeeeeeeeeMeeeee eee Mee MM Meee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeeee MMM eee MM

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeeee MMMM eee M

e.e.e.8.8 Me Meeeeeeee ee Mee MeeeeeeeeeMeeeeeeeee Meee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeee MMMMM

e.e.e.8.8 Me Meeeeeeee ee Mee MeeeeeeeeeMeeeee Meee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeee MMMMM

e.e.e.8.8 Me Meeeeeeee ee Mee MM Meee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Meeeeeee MMMMM

e.e.e.8 Meeeeeeee ee Meee Meeeeeeeeeeeee

e.e.e.8 Meeeeeeeeeeee (ee Meeeeeeee ee Meeeeee Meeeeeeee ee Meeeeeeeeee Meeeeeeee)

e.e.e.8 Meeeeeeee ee Meeeeeeeeee Meeeeeeeeeee

Meeee eeeeeeeeeee eee e eeeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eee eee eeeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeee. Mee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eee, eeeeeee, eee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeee eeee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeee (Meeeee 8).

Meeeee 8 Meeeeeeee Meee ee Meeeeeeee Meeeeeeee

Meeeeee, eee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee eeeeeeee eee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee (Meeeeeee 88.8 eee 88.8):

e.e.e.8 Meeeeeeee ee Meee-Meeeeee Meeeeeeee

e.e.e.8.8 Me Meeeeeeeee ee ee Meeee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Me Meeeeeeee ee Meeee Meeee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Me Meeeeeeee ee Mee MeeeeeeeeeMeeeeeeeee Meeee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Me Meeeeeeee ee Mee MeeeeeeeeeMeeeeeeeee eee Mee MeeeeeeeeeMeeeee Meee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Me Meeeeeeee ee Mee MeeeeeeeeeMeeeee Meeee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Me Meeeeeeee ee Mee MM Meeee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Me Meeeeeeee ee Mee MeeeeeeeeeMeeeeeeeee Meee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Me Meeeeeeee ee Mee MeeeeeeeeeMeeeee Meee

e.e.e.8.8.8 Me Meeeeeeee ee Mee MM Meee

e.e.e.8.8 Me Meeeeeeeee ee eee Meeeeeeeeeee Meee

e.e.e.8 Meeeeeeee ee Meee Meeeeeeeeeeeee

e.e.e.8 Meeeeeeeeeeee (ee Meeeeeeee ee Meeeeee Meeeeeeee ee Meeeeeeeeee Meeeeeeee)

e.e.e.8 Meeeeeeee ee Meeeeeeeeee Meeeeeeeeeee

Mee eeeeeeee eeeeeeee eee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeee eeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeee. Me eee eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee (Meeeeee 88.8), eeeeeeeee (Meeeeee 88.8), eeeeeeeeee (Meeeeee 88.8), eee eeeeeeeeeeeeee (Meeeeee 88.8) eeeeeeee eeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee. Mee eeeeeee eeeee eee eeeeeeeeee ee ee eee eeee eeeeee eee eeeeeeeee eee eee eeeeeeeee ee e eeeeeeee eeee eeeeee eee eeeeeeeee ee eeee eeeeee. Mee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee:

8. Me eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee, eee eeeee eee eeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeee/eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee, eee, eeeee eeeeeeee, e eeeeeeeeee eeee eeeee eeeeeee.

8. Meeeeeee eeeeeee, eeee ee eee eeee eeeeeeeeee eeee e eeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee, eee e eeeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeee ee eeeeeee. Meeeee eeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eee e eeeeeeee eeeeeeee eee eeeee.

8. Meeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee.

Mee eee eeeee eeee eeeeeee, eeeeeeeeee eee eee eeeeeeeeee-eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee (Meeeeeee 88.8 eee 88.8), eeee e eeeee eeeeee ee eeeeeee eeeee, eeeeeeeee eeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee ee eeeee eeee eeeeeee ee eeeee eeee eeeee eee eeeee eeeeee eeeeeeeeeee. Mee eeeee eeee eeeeeee, eee eeeee eeee ee eeeeeee ee eeee ee eeee eeeeeeeeee.

Mee eeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eee eeeee ee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee eeeeeee, eee ee eee eeeeeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeee. Meeeeee eeee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeee, e.e. eeeee eeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeee. Meeeeeeee, eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee e eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeeee eee eee eeeeeee eeeeeeee. Me eee eee eeeeeeeee ee e eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee e eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeee ee ee eeeee, eeeee eee ee eeeeeee eeeee eee eeeee, ee eeee ee eeeeeeeee eee eeee eeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeee.

Mee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee ee eeee eeeeee eeee eeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeee eee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee. Me eeee, eee eeeeee eeeeeeee ee eee 8,8-eeeeeeeeeeee eee eee eeee eeeeeeee eee eeee eee eeeeeeeeee 8 ee 8,8-eeeeeeeeeee (Meeeee 8) eee eeee eeee eeeeeeeeeeeee.[‌88‌]

Meeeee 8 Meeeeeeee ee e 8,8-Meeeeeeeeee Meeeeeeeee[‌88‌]

Meeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee eee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeee eeeeeeeee eeee e eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeee. Meeeeeeee (ee 888°M) eee eeeeeeee (ee 888°M) eee ee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeee eeeeeeee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee. Meeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeeee eeeee ee eeee-eeeeee eeeeeeee.[‌88‌] Meeeeeeeee, eeeeeee, eee ee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeee 888°M, eeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee ee ee eeeee eeeee eeee eee 8-eeeeeeee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeeeeeee eeee (Meeeee 8).[‌88‌]

Meeeee 8 Meeeeeeee ee 8-Meeeee-8M-eeeeeeeee[‌88‌]

Mee eee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeee eeeeeeee e eeeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee. Meeeeeee ee e eeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeee, eeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeee eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee eeee eeeeee. Me eeeeee eeeeeeeeeee ee eeeee eee eeeeeeeeee eeee eee eeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeeeee eeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee (Meeeee 8).

Meeeee 8 Meeeeee eee Meeeeeee ee Meeeeeeee eee Meeeeeee[‌88‌,‌88‌]

Mee eeeeeee ee eee eee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeee eeeeeee (eMe 88.88 eee eeeeeeee, eeeeeeee ee eMe 88.8 eee eeeeeeeee). Me eeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeee ee eee eee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeee, eeee eeeeeeee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeee eeeee eeee eeeeeeeee (eMe 8.88 eee eeeeeeee,[‌88‌] eeeeeeee ee eMe 8.88 eee eeeeeeeee[‌88‌]). Meee eeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeee e eeeeeee eeee ee eee eeeeeeeee eeeee (eeee eeeeee eeeeee eeeee eeeeee) eeeee eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeee eeeeeeee eeee eee eeeeee eeee eeeeeeeee eeee ee eee eeeeee eeeeeeeee eeee ee eeeeeeeeeeee (Meeeee 8).[‌88‌]

Meeeee 8 Meeeee Meeee Meeeee ee eee Meeeeeeee Meeee ee Meeeee Meeeeeeee[‌88‌]

Meeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee ee 8M-eeeeeeeee eeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeee ee M8. Meee ee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeee 8M-eeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeee eeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee. Meee ee eee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee, eeeeeee, eee eeeeeeee ee eee eeee eeee eeeeeeee eeeeee eeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee, ee eeee eee eeeeeeeee eeee eeeee ee eeeeeeeeee eee eee eeeeeeeeee eeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeeeee. Meeeeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeeee eeee eeee eeeeeeee eee eee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee ee M8, ee eeeee ee Meeeee 88.[‌88‌‌88‌]

Meeeee 88 Meeeeeeeeeeee Meeeeeeeeeee ee 8M-Meeeeeeee[‌88‌‌88‌]

Meeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee eee ee eeeeeeee ee eeeeee eeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee, eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee eeee ee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee (Meeeee 88). Mee eeee ee eeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeee M8>M8>M8.[‌88‌,‌88‌]

Meeeee 88 Meeeeeeeeeeeeeeee ee Meeeeeeeee ee Meeeee Meeeeeeeee ee ee MeeeeMeeeeee Meeeeeee[‌88‌,‌88‌]

8M-Meeeeeee eeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeee ee M8. Meee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeee ee ee eeeeeeeeee eeee eee eeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee, eeeee eeee eeee eee 8-eeeeeeee ee 8.8×888 eeeee eeee eeeeeeee eeee eee 8- eee 8-eeeeeeeee ee 8-eeeeee-8M-eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee ee eee eeee eeee.[‌88‌] Mee eeeeeeeeee ee eeee ee eeee eeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeee ee eeeeeeee eee eee eeeeeeeee eeee (8.8×888). Meeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eee eeeee ee Meeeee 88.[‌88‌‌88‌]

Meeeee 88 Meeeeeeeeeeeee Meeeeeeeeeeee Meeeeeeeeeeee ee Meeeeeeee[‌88‌‌88‌]

Me eee eeeeeeeeee ee 8-eeeeee-, 8-eeeeee-, ee eeee 8-eeeeee-8M-eeeeeeee, eeee eeeeeeeee eee eeeee, eeee ee eeeeeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeee ee ee eee eeeeee eeeee, ee eeee eeeee eeeeeeeeee. Meeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee, eeeee eeee eeeeeeeee eee ee eeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeee ee M8 eeeeee eeeeeee. Mee ee-eeeeeeee 8-eeeeeeeeeeeeeee eee ee eeeeeee eeee eeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee.[‌88‌] Me eeeeeee eeeeee eee eeeeeeee eeeee eeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeeee (Meeeee 88).[‌88‌] Mee eeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eee ee eeeeeeee eee eeeeeee eeee eeeeeeeeeeeee; eeeeee eee eeeeee eeeeee, eee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeeee ee eeeeeee.

Meeeee 88 Meeeeeeeeeeeeeeee ee Meeeeeeee ee Meeeee Meeeeeeeee[‌88‌,‌88‌]

Mee eeeee eeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeee, eeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeee eeeee. Meeeeeeeeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeee eeeeee eeee eeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee ee eee eeee-eeeeeeee eeee ee eeeee ee eeeeeeeeeee eeee eeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeee (Meeeee 88).[‌88‌] Mee eeeeeeee, eeeeeeeeee eeee eeee eeeeeeee eeeee eee eeee-eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeee.[‌8‌,‌8‌]

Meeeee 88 Meeeeeeeeeeee Meeeeeeeeeee Meeeeeeee ee Meeeeeeeeeeee eee Meeeeeee[‌8‌,‌8‌,‌88‌]

Meee eeeeeee ee eee eeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee ee eeee eeeeee eeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee. Mee eeeeeeeee eeee ee eeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeee eeee eeeeeeeee, eee eeee ee eeeeeeeee, eeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeeeeee (Meeeee 88). Mee eeeeeeeee eeee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee ee e eeeeee eee eeeee eeee eee, eeeeeeeeee, ee e eeeeee-eeeee eee eeeeee-eeeeeeee eeee ee eee eeeeee eeeee eeeeeeeee ee eeee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeee (eee Meeeee 8). Meeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee eeee eeee eee eeee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeee eeeeeeee; eee eeeeeeee eee eeeee ee Meeeee 88.

Meeeee 88 Meeeeeeeeeee Meeeee Meeeeeeeee eee Meeeeeeee

Mee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeee ee eeee eeeeee eee eeeee eeeeeeee eeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee-eeee eeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeee eeeee eeee eeeeeeeee. Me ee, eeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeeeee eeee eeee eeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee. Meee eeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee ee Meeeee 88.

Meeeee 88 Meeeeeeeeeeeee Meeeeeee ee eee Mee ee Meeeeeeee- ee Meeeeeee-Meeeeee Meeeeeeee ee Meeee

Meeeeeee eeeee eeee eeee eeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeee eeeeeeeeeeeee, eeeee eeee eee ee eeeeeeeeee eee ee eeeee eeeeee eeeeeeeeee (Meeeee 88).

Meeeee 88 Meeeeeee Meeeeeeeeee Meee ee Meeeeeeeeeeee

8M-Meeeeee-8-eee eee ee eeeeeeeeeee eeee eeeee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee. Meee eeeee eeee eeeeeeeee eeeee eeeeeee eee eeee, eeeee eeee eeee eeeeee eeee eeeeeeeeeee (Meeeee 88). Meeeeeeee, eee eeeeeee, eee eeee eeee ee eeeee eeeee, eeeeeee, eeeeeeeee, eee eeee eeee. Me eeeee eeeeeeeeeee, 8-eeee-8M-eeeeeee-8-eee eee eeee ee eeeeeee eeeeeeee.

Meeeee 88 Meee Meeeeee eeee Meeeeeeeeee

Mee eeeeeeeee(eeeeeeeee)eeeeee eeeeee eee eeee eeeeee eeee ee eeeeeeeee. Mee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeee eeee eeeeeeeee eeeeee, ee eeee ee eee eeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee ee eee eeeee eeeeeeeee, eeee eeee eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeee. Mee eeeeee eeeeee ee ee eeeeeeeeee eeeeee eee eeeeeeeee eeeee eeeeeeeee eeee eeeee eee eeeeeeee ee eeeee eeee ee eeeeeee ee ee eeeeeeee. Meeeeee, 8,8-eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee, eee Meeee eeeeeee, ee e eeee eee eeee eeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeee (Meeeee 88).

Meeeee 88 Meeeeeeeeee ee Meeeeeee eee Meeeeeeee Meeeeeeeeee ee Meeeeeeee

References