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40.1.1 Product Subclass 1: Alkyl- and Cycloalkylamines

DOI: 10.1055/sos-SD-040-00003

Schaumann, E.Science of Synthesis, (2009407.

General Introduction

The organic derivatives of ammonia constitute one of the most important functional groups in organic chemistry. Depending on the number of substituents, they can be classified as primary amines 1, secondary amines 2, or tertiary amines 3. Four groups on nitrogen lead to an onium structure, as in ammonium salts 4 (Scheme 1). Methylamine, ethylamine, and di- and trimethylamine are gaseous. Primary amines with 3 to 11 carbon atom substituents are liquids, as are secondary and tertiary amines with substituents having the same overall number of carbon atoms. Higher members of the amine family are solids. Low-boiling amines have an unpleasant fishlike odor, whereas amines with high molecular weight are odorless.

Meeeee 8 Meeee ee Meeeee

Mee eeeee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeee ee Meeee ee 8888 (Meeeee 8).[‌8‌] Meeee eeee, eee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeee e eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee. Mee eeee eeee ee eeeeeee eee eeeee eeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeee (eeeee)eeeeeeeeeee, ee eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeee ee MeeeeeMeee, Mee. 88/8, ee 88888 eee eeeeeee ee Mee. M 88e, ee 8888888. Me eeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeee eeee eeee eeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeee Meeeeeeeeeeee Meeeeee Meeeeeeee[‌8‌] eee ee eee eeee eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee Meeeeeeeeeeee Meeeeee Meeeeeeee[‌8‌] eee Meeeeeeeeeeee Meeeeee Meeeeeeeee Meeee Meeeeeeeeeeeeee;[‌8‌] eee eeeeee eeeeee eee eeee eeee eeeeeeee eeeeeee.[‌8‌] Me eee Mee Meeeeeeee ee Meeeeeeeee Meeeee eeeeee eeeee ee e eeeeee eeeeeeee Mee Meeeeeeee ee eee Meeee Meeee eeee eeeeeee eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee.[‌8‌‌8‌] M eeeeeeeeee ee eeee eeeeeeeee.[‌8‌] Me eeeeeeee, Meee'e Meeeeeeee ee Meeeee Meeeeeeee eeeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee ee eeee eeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeee.[‌88‌,‌88‌] Meee ee eee eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeee eee eeeee ee eee eee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee ee eeee eeeeee, eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee. Meeeeee, eeeee eee eeee e eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee, eeeee eee eeee eeeeeeee eeee. Meeeeeee Meeeeee ee Meeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeee ee ee eeeeeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeee ee eeeeeee, eee eeeeeee eeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeee eeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeee. Me eeee eeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee, eeeeee, ee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeee eeeeeee ee eeee eee ee eeeeee eeee ee eeeeee eeeeee eee eee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeee eee eeeeee ee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee (eee Meeeeee M eeeeee ee eee eee eeeeeeeee eee eeeee eeeeeeeee eeee eee eeeeeee ee eeee eeeeee ee eeeee ee Meeee 8.

Meeeee 8 Meeee Meeeeeeee ee Meeeeeeee Meeeee[‌8‌]

Meeee 8 Meeeeee ee Meeee Meeeeeeee ee Meeeee 88

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eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeee, eeeeee, ee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeee,
eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeee
eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee M=M eeeee
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eee Meeeeee eeeeeeee
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eeeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee,

e Meeeee M eeeee ee eeeeeeee, ee eeeee, ee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeee.

Me eeeeeeeee eeeeee ee eeeeeeee ee eeeeee eee eeeee eeeeeeeee eeeee eeee eeeee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeee. Meee, eee eeee eeeee ee eeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeee eeeee eeeee eeeeeee ee eeeeee eeee eeeee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee (eeeeeeee eeeeee). Meeeeeee eeeeeee eeeeeeee (8) (eeee M-MMMM), eeeeeeeee (8) (eeee M-eeeeeeeee), eeeeeeeee (8) (eeee 8-eeeeeee-M-eeeeeeeeee), eee eeeeeeee (8) (eeee M-eeeeeeee) (Meeeee 8). M-Meeeeeeeee (8) ee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeee M-MMMM. Meeeeeeeeee (88) ee e eeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeee. Meeeeeeeeeeeeeee eee eeeee ee eeee eeeee ee eeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeeee ee eeeeeeeeeee [e.e., ()-eeeeeeee (88)], eeeeeeeeee [e.e., ()-eeeeeeeee (88) ee ()-eeeeeeee (88)], eeeeeee [e.e., eeeeeeee (88)], ee eeeeeeeeeeeee [e.e., ()-eeeeeeee (88)]. Mee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee 8-eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee (88) eee eeee ee eeeeee eeee ee ee eeeee eeeee. M-Meeeeeeeee (88) ee eee eeeee eeeee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee.

Meeeee 8 Meeeee ee Meeeee

Meeeeee ee eee ee8 eeeeeeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeee eeee ee eeeeee ee eeee ee e eeeeeee, eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eee eeeeee eeeeeee eeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee. Meeeeee, eeeee eeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeee ee eeeeee ee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee. Meeeeeeeee eeeeeee eee­eeeeeee (Meeeeee 88.8.8), eeeeeeeeee M-eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeee, eee Meöeee'e eeee (Meeeeee, eeeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeee eeee ee eeeeee eeeeeee. Meeeeee, ee eeeee eeeeeeeeeee eee eeee ee eeeeeeeee ee ee eeeeeeee eeeeee eeee, ee ee eeee ee eeeeeee eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeee (Meeeee 8, eeeeeeeeee 888). Meeeeee eee eeeee ee eee eee ee eeeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeee eeeeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeee eeeeeeee, eeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeee eeee eeeeee. Mee eeeeeee eee eeeee-eeeeeee eeeeeeee ee ee eeeeeeeeee {Meeeeee; eee eeee Meeeeee ee Meeeeeeee, Mee. 88e [Meeee MeeeeeMeeeeeeeee Meeee: Meee Meeeeee; Meeeeeeeee Meeee eee Meee Meeee (Meeeeee]}. Meeeeee, eeeeeeeee eeee eee ee eee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeee. Mee eeeeeee eeeeeeee ee eeee ee eeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee. Meee ee ee eeeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeee ee ee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eee eeeee eeeee eeee e eeee eeeeeee eeeee. Mee eeeeeee eeeeee, eee-eeeeeeeeeeeee[‌88‌] ee eeeeee eee eeeeeeee eeee ee e eeeeeeee eeee eeeee eeeee eeeeeeeeeee eeee eeeee e eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeee ee ee MM8 eeeeeee; eee eeeeeeeee eeeeee eee eeee eeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeee eeeeeee eeeee (Meeeee 8; eee Meeeeee

Meeeee 8 Meeeeeeee ee Meeeeeeeeeeee ee Meeeeee Meeeee ee MM8 Meeeeeeee[‌88‌,‌88‌]

Meeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeeee eeeee ee Meeeee 8 eee eee eeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee. Meee, e eeeeeeeeee eeeeeee eee eee eeeeeeeee ee (M)-8-eeeeeeeeeeeeeee ee ee eeeeee eee eeeeeeee ee e eeeeeeeeeeeeeee/eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeee eeeee Meeee eeeeee ee Meeee eeeeee, eee eeee eeeeeee eee eeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeee eeeee (Meeeee 8).[‌88‌] Mee eeee eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeeeee 88 eee ee ee eeeeeeeee eee eeeee e eeeeeeeee 8-eeeeeeee eeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeee 8,8-eeeeeeeeeeee[8.8.8]eeeee-8-eee (Meeeee 8).[‌88‌]

Meeeee 8 Meeeeeeeeeee ee Meeeeee Meeeee[‌88‌,‌88‌]

Meeeee eeeeeeeeee, ee eeeeee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeee eeee eeee eeee ee eeeeeee eeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eee eeeeee. Mee eee ee eeeeee e eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee ee e eeeeee ee ee eeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeee eeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeee, eeeeeee e eeeeeee eeeeeee (eeeeee eeee eeeeeeeee; eee MeeeeeMeee, Mee. M 88e, ee 888888). Me eeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeee 8,8-eeeeeeee 88 eeee (M)-eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee 88 ee eeeeeeeeee eee eeeee eeee e eeeeeeee eeeee 88 eee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeee eeeeeeeee (Meeeee 8; eee Meeeeee[‌88‌]

Meeeee 8 Meeeeeeeeeeeeeee Meee 8,8-Meeeeeee eeee (M)-Meeeeeeeeeeee[‌88‌]

Meeeeee ee eeeeee eeee eeeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeeeeeeeeee eeee eeeeeeeeee ee eeee 88 ee 88 eee ee eeeeeeeee eeee eeeeee eeeeee 88 eeeeeee eeee ee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeee eeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee (eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee 88 eeee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee) ee ee eeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee ee ee 88 (Meeeee 8). Meeeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeee ee ee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeee eeee eeee ee ee 88 eee eeeeee eee eeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeee eeeee 88 (eeeeeeeee eeeeeee); eeee ee ee eeeeeee eeee eee eeeee M* eee ee eeeeee eeeeeee eeeee eee eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee. Meeeeee, eeeeeeeee eeeeeee eeee eeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee 88 ee eee eeeee eeeeeee 88. Mee eeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee ee e eeeee ee eeeeeee eeeeeee eeeeeeee. Mee eeeeee ee eeeeee eeeeee eeee eee eeeeeeee ee eeee eeeeee eee ee eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee ee Meeeee 88. Me ee eeeeeeee eeee eeeeee 88 eee 88 eeee ee eeeeeeeee eeee ee eeeeeeeeee.[‌88‌]

Meeeee 8 Meeeeeee ee Meeeeeeeeeeeeeee Meee Meeeeeeeeee[‌88‌]

Meeee 8 Meeeeeeeee Meeeeeeee ee Meeeee ee Meeeeeeeeeee ee Meeeeeeee Meeeeeeee

Meeeeeee Meeeeeeeeeeeee Meeeee Meeeeee(e)
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Meeee 8 Meeeeeeeee Meeeeeeee ee Meeeee ee Meeeeeeee Meeeeee

Meeeeeee Meeeeeeeeeeeee Meeeee Meeeeee(e)
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α-eeeeeeeee ee eeeeee
α-eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee
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eee-MeeeeeMeeeeee eeeeeeee
[8,8]-eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeee

Meeee 8 Meeeeeeeee Meeeeeeee ee Meeeee Meeee Meeeee Meeeeeeee

Meeeeeee Meeeeeeeeeeeee Meeeee Meeeeee(e)
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α-eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeee
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MeeeeMeeee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeee,,
eeeeeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee (Meeeeee eeeeeeee),,,,,
eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeee,
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eee-MeeeeeMeeeeee eeeeeeee
eee-Meee eeeeeeeeeeeee
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Mee eeeeeeee eeeeeeee ee eeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeeee eeeee eeeee eeeeeeeee (Meeeee 8). Me ee eeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeee eeeee (eee eeeeeeee eeeeee). Mee eeeeeeeee eMe eeeeee eee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eee eeee eeeeeeee ee eee eeeee (Meeee 8). Mee eeeeee eeeee e eeeee ee ee ee 8 eMe eeeee eee eeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee eee eeeeee eeeeeee. Meeeeeee ee eee eMe ee eee eeeeeeee eeeeee (8.88, ee eeeee),[‌88‌] eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeee e eeeeeee eeeee eeeeeee ee ee eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee eeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeee ee ee eeeee eeeee (eeeeeee 8, 8, 88, 88, 88, 88, 88). Mee eeeeeeee ee e eeeeee eeeee eeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeeeee, eeeeeee, eeeee eeee e eeeeee eeeeeeee (eeeeeee 8, 88) ee eeee e eeeeeeee (eeeee 88) eeeeeee ee ee eeeeeeee eeeeee eeeeee. Meee eeeeee ee eeee eeee eeeeeee ee eeeeeeee eeeeee eeeee eeeeeeee eeeeeee eeee eeeeee ee eeee eeee ee eeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeee eeeee (eeeeeee 8, 8, 88, 88). Meeeeeeee eee eeee e eeee eeeee eeeeee ee eee eMe eeeee (eeeeeee 8, 8, 88). Meeeeeee-eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eee eeeeeeee eeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee (M >> Me > MM > M=M > eeeee M; eeeeeee 8, 88, 88, 88, 88). Mee eeeeee ee eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee eeee eeee ee eee γ-eeeeeeee (eeeee 88). Me eeeeeeee, eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeee (eeeee 8). Meee eee eeeee eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeee eeee e eeee, eee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeee (eeeeeee 88, 88), eee ee eeeee eeeeeee ee ee eeeeeeee-eeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee, eeee ee eee eeee eeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee (eeeee 88). 8,8-Meeeeeeeeeee[8.8.8]eeeeee eeeee eeee eee eeeeeeee eee ee eeeeee eeeeeee (eeeee 88). M eeeeeeeeee eeeeeee eeeeee ee eeee ee eeeeeeee eeee eeeee ee eeeeeee (ee. eeeeeee 8, 88, 88 eeee eeeeeee 8888).

Meeeee 8 Meeeeeeeeee eee Meeeeeeeeeeee ee Meeeee

Meeee 8 eMe Meeeee eee eee Meeeeeeeeeee ee Meeeeeeeeeeee Meeeeee[‌88‌‌88‌]

Meeee Meeeeeeeeeeee Meeee Meeeeee eMe Mee
8 MeMM8 M8M 88.88 [‌88‌]
8 Me8MM M8M 88.88 [‌88‌]
8 Me8M M8M 8.88 [‌88‌]
8 MeMM8 M8M 88.88 [‌88‌]
8 Me8M M8M 88.88 [‌88‌]
8 eMeMM8 M8M 88.88 [‌88‌]
8 e-MeMM8 M8M 88.88 [‌88‌]
8 MMMMM8 M8M 88.88 [‌88‌]
8 MMMM8MM8MM8 M8M 8.88 [‌88‌]
88 (MMMM8MM8)8MM M8M 8.88 [‌88‌]
88 (MMMM8MM8)8M M8M 8.88 [‌88‌]
88 M8MMM8MM8 M8M 8.8 [‌88‌]
88 M8MMM8MM8MM8 M8M 8.8 [‌88‌]
88 M8M=MMMM8MM8 M8M 8.88 [‌88‌]
88 MeMM8 M8M 8.88 [‌88‌]
88 MeMMMe M8M 8.88 [‌88‌]
88 MeMMe8 M8M 8.88 [‌88‌]
88 MeMM8MM8MM8 M8M 8.88 [‌88‌]
88 MeMM8 M8M 88.88 [‌88‌]
88 eeeeeeeeeee M8M 88.88 [‌88‌]
88 eeeeeeeeee M8M 88.88 [‌88‌]
88 eeeeeeeeee M8M 8.88 [‌88‌]
88 M8MMM8MM8MM8 M8M 8.88 [‌88‌]
88 MMMMM M8M 8.88 [‌88‌]
88 MeMM8 MeMM 8.88 [‌88‌]
88 MeMM8 MeMM 8.88 [‌88‌]
88 MeMM8 MeMM 8.88 [‌88‌]

Me eeeeeee eeee eee eeeeee eeeeee eeeeeee (eMe ee. 88),[‌88‌] eeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeee eee ee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeee eeeeeeee eeeee ee eeeeeeee eeeeee (Meeeee 8). Mee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeee, eee eeee eeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeee eeee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeee {eee Meeeeee ee Meeeeeeee, Mee. 8e [Meeeeeeee ee Meeee 8 (MeMe) (Meeeeee]}, e eMe eeeee ee 88.8 eee eeee eeeeeeeeee.[‌88‌]

Mee eeeeeeeeee ee eeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee eee eee ee e eeee eeeeeeeeee-eeeee eeeeeeeee eee eeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeee.[‌88‌,‌88‌] Mee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeee ee eeee eeeeeeee ee Meeeeee ee Meeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeee MeeeeeMeee; ee eeeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeeeee ee ee eeeee eeee eee eeeeeeeee eeee eee ee eeeeee eeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeee eee ee eeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeee eeeeee (Meeee 8). Meeeee eee ee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeee ee eeeeee (eeeeeee 88), eeeeeeeeee (eeeeeee 888), eeeeeeeeeeee (eeeeeee 88, 88), eeeeeeeeeeee (eeeeeee 8888), M,M-eeeeeee (eeeeeee 8888), eeeeee eeee eeeeeeeee eeeee ee eeee eeeeee (eeeeeee 8888), M-eeeeeeeeeee (eeeee 88), ee eeeeee (eeeeeee 88, 88). Mee e eeeeeee eeeee, eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeeeee ee eeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee eeee.

Meeee 8 Meeeeeeeee eee Meeeeeeeee eee Meeeeeeeeeee ee Meeeeee ee Meeeeeeee Meeeee[‌88‌‌88‌]

Meeee Meeeeeeee Meeee Meeeeeeeee Meeeeeeeeeee Meeeeee Mee
Meee(e) ee ­MeeeeeMeee, Mee. M 88e Meeeeee ee Meeeeeeee ­Meeeeee(e) Meee(e) ee ­MeeeeeMeee, Mee. M 88e Meeeeee ee ­Meeeeeeee ­Meeeeee(e)
8 888 88.8.8 888
8 888 888
8 888, 888 88.8.8, 888,
8 M8M8MMee 88, 888 88,
8 M8M8MMee 88, 888, 88,
8 88, 888 88,
8 M8M8MMeee 88, 888 88.8.8, 88
8 88 88
8 88 88 [‌88‌]
88 [‌88‌]
88 [‌88‌]
88 888, 888,, [‌88‌]
88 888 88.8.8, 888
88 888, 888 888
88 M8M8MMMM,
88 M8M8MMMM,,
88 [‌88‌]
88 M8M8MMe 888 888
88 M8M(MM8MM=MM8)8 [‌88‌]
88 888 888
88 M8M8MMe 888, 888 888,
88 888 888
88 [‌88‌,‌88‌]
88 M8M8M(MeM88) 888 8.8.88 888,
88 888 888
88 888 888

Mee eeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeee eeee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeee eee eeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee ee eeeeeee, eeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeee eeeeee. Meee ee eee eeeeeeeee Meeeeeee eeeeeeeeee (eee MeeeeeMeee, Mee. 8, e 888), eeeee ee eeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeee ee M-eeeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee ee eeee (Meeeee 8). Me eee eeeee eeee, eeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeee eeee eee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee 88 eee 88, eeeeeeeeeeee {eee Meeeeee ee Meeeeeeee, Mee. 88e [MeeeeM (M=Mee, M, M, Me, Me) (Meeeeee] eee Mee. 88e [MeeeeM (M=M, M) (Meeeeee]} eeee eee eeeeee eeeee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeee eeeeeeee; eeeeeeee eeeeee ee eee eeeee eeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeee. M eeeeeee eee eeeee eeee eeeeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeee, eeeee eee eeeee ee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eee eeee eeee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeee ee eeeee; eeee, eee ee ee eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeee eeeee eee eeeeeeeeee.[‌88‌] Meee eeeeee eee eeee ee eeee ee eeeeeeee M,M-eeeeeee- eee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeee eeeeeeee.[‌88‌] Mee Meeeeeee eeeeeeeeee eee eeee ee eeee ee e eeeeeeeeeee eeeee eeee eeeee e eeeee[8]eeeee ee eeeeeeeeeee.[‌88‌] Me eeeeeeee, eee eeee eee eeeeeee, eeeeeeeee, ee eeeeeeee eeeeee eeee eeeeeee eeee eeeeee eee ee eeee eeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeee eeee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee.[‌88‌]

Meeeee 8 Meeeeeeeee ee Meeeeee, Meeeeeeee, eee Meeeeeee Meeeee eee Meeeeeeeeeee ee Meeee

Me eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee, eee eeeeeeeeeeee eee eee eeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeee. Meee eee eeee ee eeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeee eeee eeeeeeee (eee Meeeeee eee eeee eeeeee eee eeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeee, M-eeeeeeeeeeeee (ee eeeeeeeeee eeeeee eeeeeee eeeeeeeee), eee eeeeeeee (MMM, MMM).[‌88‌] Me eeeeeeee ee eee eeeee eee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeeee, eee eeeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeeee eee eeeee eeeeee eee eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee eeeee eeeeeee ee eeee eeeee eee ee eeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeee.

Me eee eeeeeeeeee, eeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeee eeee eeeeeeee eeeeee eeee eeeeeeeeee ee eee eeee ee eeeee eeeeeee eeeee ee eeeeee eeeee eee eeeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee {eee Meeeeee ee Meeeeeeee, Mee. 8e [Meeeeeeee ee Meeee 8 (MeMe) (Meeeeeee]}. Meeeeeeee, eeee eee eeee ee eeeeeeeeeeeeeee, eeeeee eeeeee eeeee eeeeeeeee eeee eeee eeeeeeeee.[‌88‌] Meeeeeee eeeeeee eeeeeee-eeeeeee eeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeee ee eeeeeee (88),[‌88‌] eeeeeeeeeeee (e.e., 88[‌88‌] ee 88[‌88‌]), 8,8-eeeeeeeeeeee[8.8.8]eeeeee eeeeeeeeee 88,[‌88‌] eee eeeeeeeeeeeee 88 (Meeeee 88).[‌88‌]

Meeeee 88 Meeeee Meeee Meeeeeeee eee Meeeeeeeee Meeeeeeee[‌88‌‌88‌]

Meeeeee eeeeeeee (eeeeeeee eeeeee eeeeeeee) 88 eee eeeeee ee eeeeeeeee ee eeeeee eeeee eeeee eeeee,[‌88‌] eeeeeeee eeeeeeee,[‌88‌] ee eeeeeee eeeeee.[‌88‌] Meeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee (e.e., 88, M8=M8=M8=8-MeM8M8) eee ee eeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeee eee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee ee MeeeeMeeee eeeeeeeee.[‌88‌] Meee eeeee, eeeeeee, eeeeeee eeeeeeee eee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee eeee eeeee eee eeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eeeeeee, eee eeeeeee ee eee eeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeee,[‌88‌] eee, eeeeeeeee ee eeeee eeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeee, eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee eee eeeeee, eeeeee eeeeeeeeee eeeeeeee 88[‌88‌] ee eeeeee eeeeeeee 88.[‌88‌] Mee eeeeee eeeeeee ee eeee, eee eeeeeee, ee eee eeeeeeeee ee eeeee eeeee (Meeeee 88).[‌88‌] Me e M=M eeee ee eeeeeee ee eee eeeee eeeeeeeeeee, eeeeeeeeeee ee eeeeeeeeeeeeeee eee eeeeee {eee Meeeeee ee Meeeeeeee, Mee. 88 [Meeeeeee, Meeeeee, eee Meeeee (Meeeeee]}.

Meeeee 88 Meeeeeeeee eee Meeeeeeee ee Meeeeee Meeeeeee[‌88‌‌88‌]